It is important to follow ethical research practices for data collection, analysis, and reuse. Cite all sources of data, and acknowledge any limitations in the dataset. For further guidelines, see the guide from the American Statistical Association. It reviews key responsibilities for ethical data analysis practices. It also includes tips for data citation.
A citation for a data set is very similar to that for a research publication. The basic elements are:
Data citations may also include:
Charbonneau, P., Dyer, E., Lee, J., Yaida, S. (2016). Data and scripts from: Linking dynamical heterogeneity to static amorphous order. Duke Digital Repository. https://doi.org/doi:10.7924/G8VD6WC5
Deschenes, Elizabeth Piper, Susan Turner, and Joan Petersilia. Intensive Community Supervision in Minnesota, 1990-1992: A Dual Experiment in Prison Diversion and Enhanced Supervised Release [Computer file]. ICPSR06849-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2000. doi:10.3886/ICPSR06849
Sidlauskas B (2007) Data from: Testing for unequal rates of morphological diversification in the absence of a detailed phylogeny: a case study from characiform fishes. Dryad Digital Repository. doi:10.5061/dryad.20