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Dahlgren Memorial Library

Research in the Health Sciences

Working through the research process involves many integrated steps: creating a research question, performing a literature review, submitting IRB forms, gaining funding, analyzing results, and publishing. We have resources and services to help!

Research Design: Overview

Generally, analytic research can be divided into categories of Observational and Experimental studies:

Observational Research: Observational studies do not allow for investigator allocation, sometimes due to ethical considerations. In these studies, the factors are self-selected, and so the empirical evidence is weaker due to possible confounding biases.

Experimental Research: In these studies, the investigator has control over allocation, and so randomization can be employed. For this reason, experimental studies tend to provide strong empirical evidence.

In addition, various filtered or secondary studies exist. They review and evaluate applicable studies, and sometimes perform additional statistical analysis on the cumulative data.